RESEARCH IN PROGRESS
1. “Narrow New Issues as a Natural Way Forward for the
An argument that the World Trade Organization should
broaden global integration’s appeal by undertaking regulatory
initiatives to disseminate intellectual property, to create
threshold competition-policy baselines, and to nest freedom of
association and collective bargaining as a service eligible for
treatment under the General Agreement on Trade in Services.
here for abstract.
here for paper.
“The Link between Trade and Income: Export Effect, Import Effect,
or Both?,” with Jan Ondrich And Shuo Zhang. Manuscript.
A new framework to evaluate how cross-country
differences in export openness and import openness in 1990
affected the level of real per capita income. Pure instrumental
variable estimators are used to extract the exogenous components
of total trade (exports plus imports) and of net exports, which in
turn imply distinct export and import effects. We build on an
existing literature (Frankel-Romer and others) that uses
countries’ geography as an instrument for total trade openness.
We build on countries’ demography to develop a novel instrument
for net export openness. Our new estimates reveal that export
openness alone correlates with income cross-sectionally, not
Click here for paper
3. “Imputing and Interpreting Trade in Intermediate Goods
and Services: A U.S. Illustration for the 1990s,” with David M.
An attempt to create a pair of panels (60-plus input-output
sectors, 1989-to-date): imputed American exports and imports of
(a) intermediate goods and services, and (b) final goods and
“Lessons for a Globalizing World: European and
Experiences in Market Integration,” with Ellen L. Frost, Craig
Parsons, and Michael Schneider. Lead chapter to an edited book
containing other papers presented at a September 2002 conference
on these themes. Partially complete manuscript.
A examination of the historical comparability of regulatory
and political development in late-19th century
America and the
contemporary European Union, with one eye on what was necessary
for the populace to broadly support deep single-market
integration, and the other eye on what regulatory/political
principles might be transferable to all current efforts at
regional and global integration. An Asian-focused version of the
argument, to be authored by Craig Parsons and me, has been
accepted for a forthcoming Special Edition of the Journal of
Asia Economics, to be edited by Erik Jones.
here for partial draft.
5. “Some Quick, Personal, Provisional Notes on
Multi-Disciplinarity in the Social Sciences.” Partially complete
An still-being-thought-out attempt to demarcate the
constructive potential for co-authored research from a
social-sciences multi-disciplinary perspective. Prepared for the
multi-disciplinary doctoral research seminar that I coordinate for
The Maxwell School’s Global Affairs Institute, but with an eye to
publishing it in an appropriate place.
for partial draft.
6. “Recent Cross-Border Competition-Policy Transfer
and Convergence.” Paper in process for an April 2003 Conference on
the Political Economy of Policy Transfer, Learning, and
University. Jointly authored with Julian L. Clarke and Simon J.
Click here for partial draft.
7. Global Forces, American Faces:
Globalization at the Grass Roots
Planned book-length IIE project.
describing the growing consensus from the Institute for
International Economics’ Globalization Balance Sheet (GBS) family
of projects. These projects have sought to measure
globalization’s under-appreciated benefits and under-quantified
distributional costs in the United States, exploiting the growing
(global) availability of genuinely microeconomic data – censuses
and surveys of real-life households, workers, firms, and
communities. In the completed projects, there is a growing
consensus that deeper global integration is a mixed blessing for
the United States. It enhances the economic “fitness” and
opportunities of a large number of Americans who in turn
rejuvenate their workplaces, unions, firms, and industries. Yet
it actually worsens prospects for those Americans unwilling or
unable to engage globally. Americans with average skills, women,
and blue-collar union members are among those who are
disproportionately represented in the more insular sub-population.
for background report on the GBS family of projects
8. “Globalization’s Talkers And Doers Together:
Whither A Constructive Agenda,” with Kimberly Ann Elliott.
Planned IIE Policy Brief.
An extension of an earlier paper (Elliott, Kar, and
Richardson (2002), forthcoming) that described the actors and
objectives in the alternative-globalization movement. This Policy
Brief emphasizes the common ground between thoughtful critics of
globalization and reform-tolerant enthusiasts.
9. Free Trade in Worker Agency Services, with
Kimberly Ann Elliott. Planned monograph-length IIE project.
aims to outline and evaluate a proposal for open trade in worker
agency services (those normally provided by worker organizations
and labor unions). The arrangements would conform roughly to the
World Trade Organization’s (WTO) agreements on open trade in other
services. The proposal would imply WTO acceptance of only one of
the International Labor Organization’s (ILO) familiar core labor
principles, specifically freedom of association and collective
bargaining. That principle belongs in the WTO because it is
basically a proposal for liberalization of trade in services and
therefore falls sensibly under the rubric of the WTO General
Agreement on Trade in Services. The International Labor
Organization would remain the forum for discussion of and
commitment to the many important broader labor-market principles,
beyond this one.
Up U.S. Export Disincentives Anew, revision of 1993 book for
the Institute for International Economics.
Planned book-length project.
G and the Common