HIN101 Hindi Alphabet
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Vowels
Hindi Maatraas Phonetic
Pronunciation
Strokes Popular Media Pronunciation
A   a  View Strokes a/u as in cut, but, about
Aa  a aa  View Strokes a as in start, father, last
E  e i  View Strokes i as in list, mist, twist
I  i ii  View Strokes ee/ea as in feed, clean, sea
u  u  View Strokes u/oo
as in pull, book, full
U  uu  View Strokes oo as in fool, pool, boot
O  e  View Strokes a as in lame, blame, plate
O  ai  View Strokes a/ai as in cat, rat, clam
A<  < o  View Strokes o/oa as in float, boat, tote
A>  > au  View Strokes au/ou/o as in bought, caught, dot
A  an  View Strokes un as in clunk, hung, drunk
AH  H ah  View Strokes uh as in duh, huh
?  ri    ri as in Krishna, embryo
k - Group
Velars
Hindi Maatraas Phonetic
Pronunciation
Strokes Popular Media Pronunciation
k  k  View Strokes k as in book, bake
Ka  kha  View Strokes kh as in kit
ga  ga  View Strokes g as in game, sing, good
Ga  gha  View Strokes gh as in ghost
{  nga  View Strokes ng as in dancing
ch - Group
Pre-palatals
Hindi Maatraas Phonetic
Pronunciation
Strokes Popular Media Pronunciation
ca  ca  View Strokes ch as in cheap, cheese
C  cha  View Strokes chh as in chew
ja  ja  View Strokes j as in just
Ja  jha  View Strokes jh as in
Wa  ian  View Strokes ian as in
T - Group
Retroflexes
Hindi Maatraas Phonetic
Pronunciation
Strokes Popular Media Pronunciation
X  Ta  View Strokes T as in postman
Y  Tha  View Strokes Th as in terrific
R  Da  View Strokes D as in daddy, dear
Z  Dha  View Strokes Dh as in Toledo mudhens
Na    View Strokes Dna as in
t - Group
Dentals
Hindi Maatraas Phonetic
Pronunciation
Strokes Popular Media Pronunciation
ta  ta  View Strokes t as in pasta
Ta  tha  View Strokes th as in month
d  da  View Strokes d as in breadth, at the
Da  dha  View Strokes dh as in the city riyadh
na  na  View Strokes n as in nose, no
p - Group
Labials
Hindi Maatraas Phonetic
Pronunciation
Strokes Popular Media Pronunciation
pa  pa  View Strokes p as in lapse, papa
P  pha  View Strokes ph/f as in fix, philosophy
ba  ba  View Strokes best, bed
Ba  bha  View Strokes bh as in abhor
ma  ma  View Strokes m as in must, mother
y - Group
Semivowels
Hindi Maatraas Phonetic
Pronunciation
Strokes Popular Media Pronunciation
ya  ya  View Strokes y as in yesterday, yes
r  ra  View Strokes r as in rat, rake
la  la  View Strokes l as in love, last
va  w/va  View Strokes w/v as in wonderful, very
sh - Group
Sibilants
Hindi Maatraas Phonetic
Pronunciation
Strokes Popular Media Pronunciation
Sa  sh  View Strokes sh as in sham, show
\a  sh  View Strokes sh as in
sa  sa  View Strokes s as in sad, six
h  ha  View Strokes h as in ho-hum, hat
Flaps
Hindi Maatraas Phonetic
Pronunciation
Strokes Popular Media Pronunciation
_  R  View Strokes Dr as in
`  Rh  View Strokes Drh as in
Sanskrit letters
Hindi Maatraas Phonetic
Pronunciation
Strokes Popular Media Pronunciation
xa  ksha  View Strokes ksh as in
*a  tra  View Strokes tr as in
w  gya  View Strokes gya as in
Persian letters
Hindi Maatraas Phonetic
Pronunciation
Strokes Popular Media Pronunciation
q    View Strokes k/q as in quote
Qa    View Strokes kh/ch as in chutzpah, bach
^a    View Strokes a/u as in gemeinschaft
za    View Strokes z as in zephyr, zest
f    View Strokes f as in fall, fast

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© 2005 Jishnu Shankar, South Asia Center, Syracuse University.