Economics for Public Decisions
PAI 757/ ECN 661 Economics
897 Fundamentals of Policy Analysis
Recent Publications / (Full
List of Publications):
Pastoral Land Tenure at the Margins of
Intensive and Extensive Land Use: Baseline Survey Results from a
USAID Customary Land Rights Recognition Project in Southern Ethiopia.
Prepared for the Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty.
(2015). With Peter Little, Heather Huntington, and M. Mercedes Stickler.
Mapping of Pastoral Corridors:
Practices and Politics in Eastern Senegal
with Erin Kitchell and Matthew Turner.
Pastoralism: Research, Policy and
Practice. 4(17) (2014)
Section 3, Social and Political Impacts of Increased
Market Involvement, with Peter Little, in Human, Social and Political
Dimensions of Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa, FAO and World Bank.
Resilience and Pastoralism in Africa South of the Sahara, with a Particular
Focus on the Horn of Africa and the Sahel, West Africa.
2020 Resilience Conference Paper 9. (full paper)
IFPRI 2020 Resilience
Conference Brief. (brief) with Peter Little. (2014)
of Livestock Mobility in the Livelihood Strategies of Rural Peoples in Semi-Arid
West Africa" with Matthew Turner and Augustine Ayantunde.
Human Ecology. 42: 231-247
"Market Access and Trade Issues Affecting the Drylands in the Horn of Africa."
With Yacob Aklilu, Peter D. Little, and Hussein Mahmoud Brief #2, Technical Consortium for Building Resilience to Drought
in the Horn of Africa. CGIAR, FAO. . ILRI: Nairobi. (2013)
Studies, Oxford Bibliographies Online Thomas Spear, editor in
chief.. Oxford University Press. (2012)
and Social Change in an African Rural Economy:
Livelihoods in Pastoralist Communities. John G. McPeak, Peter D.
Little, and Cheryl R. Doss. Routledge Press. (2012)
and Intertemporal Substitution: Livestock Portfolios and Off-Take Among Kenyan Pastoralists"
with Travis Lybbert. Journal of Development Economics.
"Leaving or Staying: Inter-Provincial Migration in
Vietnam". With Phuong Nguyen-Hoang. Asian and Pacific Migration
Journal. 19(4): 473-500. (2010)
"Explaining Index Based Livestock Insurance to Pastoralists".
With Sommarat Chantarat and Andrew Mude. Agricultural Finance Review.
Field Experiments in Development Economics: Risk valuation in Morocco, Kenya and
Peru" With Travis Lybbert, Francisco Glazara, Christopher B. Barrett,
Stephen Boucher, Michael R. Carter, Sommarat Chantarat, Aziz Fadlaoui, and
Andrew Mude. Agricultural & Resource Economics Review
39(2): 176-192 (2010)
Community Members Share Development Priorities?
Results of a Ranking Exercise in East African
With Cheryl Doss, Christopher B. Barrett and Patti Kristjanson.
Journal of Development Studies.
45(10): 1663-1683 (2009)
Projects (Former Projects):
Kenya: Index Based Livestock Insurance in Kenya
work conducted by members of the Index Based Livestock Insurance (IBLI) team in
northern Kenya leads us to believe that a program providing asset protection is
an important step towards ensuring sustainable poverty reduction.
This is because the main economic activity in this area is raising
livestock in a highly risky environment.
In this area, livestock herds are subject to ‘boom and bust’ population
cycles due to a reliance on rain fed pastures and highly variable rainfall
patterns spatially and temporally.
Over the past forty years we have empirical evidence that herders have suffered
major asset losses, losing on average 30%-50% of their herds, at least twice per
decade. Similar losses are reported
in oral histories as far back as can be remembered.
As livestock and livestock products serve as the foundation for income
generation in this area, these asset losses have profound impacts in human
well-being and can leave people in poverty.
A complementar project, HSNP, is providing cash transfers to people in
this area in an effort to bring people out of poverty though cash transfers.
We have proposed an insurance product to help insure against asset loss that
will help people avoid falling into poverty.
We believe that index based livestock insurance offers the possibility of
poverty reduction by reducing the number of households that fall into poverty
and overall improved human welfare through risk reduction.
We area also seeeking to underrstand how income transfers and asset protection
can combine to move households out of poverty over time and / or prevent
households from falling into poverty over time. For a description
of project activities and outputs, see
Documentary about our project
Funded by BASIS / AMA Collaborative Research Support Project
Game to illustrate insurance, Karare Kenya, August 2008.
Photo by Sommarat Chantarat
RIVERS: Management of River Systems for the Future /
La Gestion des Systèmes Fluviaux pour l'Avenir
Project Abstract: Riverine systems in arid and semi-arid lands serve as key resources
that support livestock and crop production. For herders, rivers flowing
through drylands are critical for producing dry season grazing reserves
and essential sources of permanent water. For cultivators, the waters
allow cultivation both though recessional cultivation of floodplains and
irrigated cultivation using river water. Due to increased population
pressure and changing rainfall patterns in the Senegal and Niger River
basins, the agricultural economy based on these riverine systems has
already come under the kinds of stresses that climate models predict may
become more widespread in the future. This makes study of these systems
a priority, as understanding what they have already experienced will be
critical in understanding likely outcomes in other similar environments.
The proposed project is designed to investigate three linked questions:
what has been the impact of climate change on the vegetation of riverine
systems to date; what are the benefits and costs of different methods of
increasing food security though irrigated rice production noting the
impact on livestock production; and what are the key points on
transhumance corridors as identified by herders. We believe that, while
the conversion of large areas of land to rice production is inevitable
and if done correctly desirable, the costs imposed on livestock
production systems and the conflict induced by conversion need to be
managed. In order to design management options based on the existing
conditions, including mechanisms that allow adaption to climate change,
we are conducting research with the GSFA project.
June 2012 mission report:
RM_Mission_Rivers_Juin 2012_Rap tech_prospection_Bame.pdf
September 2012 Overview of the study area write up ISRA BAME:
Mapping Transhumance Corridors in West Africa
Mapping in Final Phase:
Training in Near Infrared Spectrometry:
Adamou Kalilou's photo. Senna, Mali near Gao
MLPI-2: Mali Livestock Pastoralist Initiative Phase 2
The USAID Mission in Mali has identified an overall goal of
improving productivity and income of livestock producers in Mali by enabling
them to access technologies, and to build the capacity of all actors involved in
development of livestock systems.
To assist in meeting this overall goal, US universities and national
organizations in Mali will implement the following activities: 1) Establishment
of a livestock market information system (LMIS) for Mali using state-of-the-art
communication and information technologies; 2) Conduct community based surveys
such as market chain analyses and examinations of pastoralists household
marketing and migration decision making to couple with remote sensed and market
level data to develop a holistic understanding of constraints and conditions and
to identify opportunities; 3) Develop methods and extension activities for
nutritional analyses of supplemental feed; 4) Conduct risk management studies
with a specific focus on community based conflict management and development of
mapping tools; 5) Develop early warning capabilities for monitoring surface
water used by livestock; and 6) Develop capacity and rapid assessment methods
for monitoring of livestock fodder and animal nutrition status.
Livestock Market Prices in Mali Markets at : www.malibetail.net
Extension Workshop Reports:
MLPIDOCS/synthese atelier mopti gao OCTOBRE 2011.pdf
MLPIDOCS/synthese atelier mopti gao OCTOBRE 2011_English.pdf
Feeding Systems Study
French: MLPIDOCS/MLPISystemes d'alimentation octobre.pdf
French: MLPIDOCS/OP au Mali.pdf
English: MLPIDOCS/OP au Mali_English.pdf
Animal Fattening Practices Study
Market Organization Study:
Mopti Poultry assessment:
French: Aviculture au
nord 2009 b.doc
Risk Ranking Report
Bourgou Practices Report:
My Photo, Cattle in the Niger Delta, Mali, June 2008
Conferences and Workshops:
“Pastoralism and Poverty Reduction in
A Policy Research Conference”
June 27-28, 2006. Co-organizer
“Livestock Marketing in
Kenya and Ethiopia”,
August 11-13, 2003
Nairobi Workshop Proceedings
“Reconciling Rural Poverty Reduction and
Identifying Relationships and Remedies.”
May 1-3, 2003. Co-organizer
Some photos from Northern Kenya: